Changing the Quality of Motivation Over Time in Health and Fitness Settings
By Anna Wasserkampf, MSc.; Marlene N. Silva, PhD; and Pedro J. Teixeira, PhD2
People exercise for a wide variety of reasons that may fluctuate from exercise initiation to prolonged adoption depending on the behavioral context they are in. To understand exercise behavior, both the quantity and quality of motivation need to be taken into account. This article reviews how health and fitness instructors can better understand their clients’ motivation quality and how they can help their clients to reframe their externally-imposed reasons for exercise into reasons that are more personally and self-determined.
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- Try to understand your clients’ motivation by asking why they exercise
○ Your clients should feel understood
- Listen carefully to your clients’ barriers while trying to establish an exercise routine and ask about exercise facilitators
○ Your clients should feel accepted rather than judged
- Help your clients establishmeaningful bridges between what they find important, what they value, and what they want to accomplish
○ Your clients should start to personally value and discover new meaning for exercising
- Provide optimal challenges
○ By offering exercises that are suitable for their competence, your clients will feel more confident in their own abilities and will seek progress
to new levels of competence
Key words: Self-determination Theory, Exercise Behavioral Regulations, Motivational Dynamics, Need-Supportive Climate
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- Take the test. (You must score 70% to pass. If you do not pass, you may retake the test.)
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PLEASE NOTE, THIS COURSE EXPIRES ON OCTOBER 31, 2018.
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